Local Self Governance
|Local Self Governance|
|THE PLANNING PROGRESS: PEOPLE'S CAMPAIGN FOR DECENTRALISED PLANNING|
About the State of Kerala
The State of Kerala lies in the south-west corner of Indian peninsular between 8018 and 12084 North latitude. The State is bounded by Western Ghats in the East, the Arabian Sea in the West, Tamil Nadu in the South and Karnataka in the North. Total land area is 38,863 sq. km. According to 1991 census, total population in the State is 290.99 lakhs with density per sq. km. as 749.
With the decentralisation of powers to Local self-government Institutions, Local administration department has an important role to play in the formulation of policy and implementation of developmental works at the grass roots level. Director of panchayat and Director of Municipal Administration form the two field departments.
The State has been divided into 14 Districts spreading over 21 Revenue divisions, 63 Taluks and 1453 Revenue Villages. There are 14 District Panchayats, 152 Block Panchayats, 978 Grama Panchayats, 60 Municipalities, 5 Corporations and 1 Township.
Consequent to the 74th Amendment to the Constitution of India, the Local self-government Institutions (LSGIs) are to function as the third tier of Government. In Kerala, LSGIs have been meaningfully empowered through massive transfer of resources as well as administrative powers. Coupled with a grassroots level approach of Participatory Planning whereby the developmental programmes are identified and implemented through Grama Sabhas, the LSGIs have emerged as effective agencies for the implementation of developmental programmes.
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