Children

 
 
Integrated Child Development Services(ICDS)addresses the challenge of providing pre-school education on one hand and breaking the vicious cycle of malnutrition, morbidity, reduced learning capacity and mortality on the other.

 

Objectives:

  • To improve the nutritional and health status of children in the age-group 0-6 years.
  • To lay the foundation for proper psychological, physical and social development of the child.
  • To reduce the incidence of mortality, morbidity, malnutrition and school dropout.
  • To achieve effective co-ordination of policy and implementation amongst the various departments to promote child development.
  • To enhance the capability of the mother to look after the normal health and nutritional needs of the child through proper nutrition and health education...read more
 
 

The Integrated Child Protection Scheme (ICPS) aims to cover all child protection issues and provide child-friendly services at all levels.In order to reach out to all children, in particular to those in difficult circumstances, it is proposed to combine the existing child protection schemes under one comprehensive child protection programme and integrate intervention for protecting children. The target groups includes: child in need of care and protection as defined under J.J. Act 2000, child in conflict with law, vulnerable child including child from at risk families, migrant families, families in extreme poverty, children affected by HIV/AIDS, orphans, child drug abusers, child beggars, sexually exploited children, children of prisoners, street and working children, etc.

 

The Integrated Child Protection Scheme is based on the cardinal principles of "protection of child rights" and "best interests of the child". It aims to create a protective environment for children by improving regulatory frameworks, strengthening structures and professional capacities at national, state and district levels so as to cover all child protection issues and provide child friendly services at all levels

 

This scheme will target especially children in difficult circumstances:

  • Children in need of care & protection.
  • Children in conflict with the law (who are alleged to have committed an offence.
  • Children in contact with law (who have come in contact with the law either as victim or as a witness or due to any other circumstance...read more
 
 
Every child needs nurturing, education and exercise. These needs don't end when children come in contact with the law. For the vast majority of children and young people, however, their well being and even their lives are jeopardized if they are so much as suspected of a crime.No delinquent has a gene or a set of genes, which produce in him/her a tendency to indulge in anti-social behaviour.
 

When children come into conflict with the law, it's most often for minor, non-violent offences — usually theft. In some cases their only "crime" is that they are poor, homeless or disadvantaged. Children forced to live on the streets are particularly vulnerable to arbitrary arrest and ill-treatment. Many survive on begging, petty crime or other illegal activities, which bring them regularly to the attention of the police. Some are detained and ill-treated simply because they are easy prey. Others are arrested under laws, which make homelessness and begging criminal offences.

 

Studies had shown that, change in lifestyle, incompetent parenting and the sense of insecurity arising out of living in slum-like situations could lead children to offences. It has been noted that instances of juveniles being involved in crime is on the rise in the State of Kerala. Juvenile crime has specific causes and so Juvenile delinquency is to be handled very delicately.

 

Over the years, for the proper care, protection and treatment of children below 18 years and to protect the full range of rights such as the right to education, highest standard of health and well-being, protection from abuse and exploitation, among others a series of correctional settings had been set up by Government in Kerala. Juvenile Homes, Observation Home, Balasadanam, Special Homes, etc were few among them which accommodate more than 600 children. Apart from this, Child Welfare Committee and Juvenile Justice Board had been constituted in each district for rendering justice and welfare to children who are in conflict with the law...read more

 
 
The process through which the adopted child is permanently separated from his biological parents and becomes the lawful child of his adoptive parents with all the rights, privileges and responsibilities that are attached to a biological child Adoption shall be resorted to for ensuring right to family for the orphan, abandoned and surrendered children, as per the provisions of this Act, the rules made thereunder and the adoption regulations framed by the Authority.
 

Adoption of a child from a relative by another relative, irrespective of their religion, can be made as per the provisions of this Act and the adoption regulations framed by the Authority.Nothing in this Act shall apply to the adoption of children made under the provisions of the Hindu Adoption and Maintenance Act, 1956.

 

All inter-country adoptions shall be done only as per the provisions of this Act and the adoption regulations framed by the Authority. Any person, who takes or sends a child to a foreign country or takes part in any arrangement for transferring the care and custody of a child to another person in a foreign country without a valid order from the Court, shall be punishable as per the provisions of section 80... read more

 
 

Foster care refers to physical custody/ care of the child till he/she is able to return to biological family as soon as family circumstances improve and shall not exceed one year.Fostering is an arrangement whereby a child lives, usually on a temporary basis, with an extended or unrelated family member. Such an arrangement ensures that the birth parents do not lose any of their parental rights or responsibilities. This arrangement shall cater to children who are not legally free for adoption, and whose parents are unable to care for them due to illness, death, desertion by one parent or any other crisis. The aim is to eventually re-unite the child with his/her own family when the family circumstances improve, and thus prevent institutionalization of children in difficult circumstances

 

Persons competent to be Foster Parents:

  • Married couple- stable marital status at least for 5 years
  • Single parent
  • Members of the extended family of the Child
  • Voluntary Organizations or other recognized persons willing to take the responsibility of the Child / Children in individual or group foster care (Age between 30years to 60years of foster mother and up to 65 years for the father)... read more
 
 
Child-Line (1098) is a national emergency toll-free number meant for children in need of care and protection and is supported by the Ministry of Women and Child Development (WMCD), Government of India and works in partnership with state governments, NGOs, Bilateral/Multilateral Agencies and Corporate Sector. CHILDLINE India Foundation (CIF) has been appointed as the Mother NGO for setting up, managing and monitoring the CHILDLINE 1098 service all over the country. CHILDLINE 1098 service is cited by the Government of India as India's response to commitments under the Child Rights Convention of the United Nations to which India is a signatory.

 

At present CHILDLINE is operational in 82 cities/districts in India. Under the XIth Plan CHILDLINE India Foundation has been mandated to extend the CHILDLINE service in all districts of the country as part of the Integrated Child Protection scheme of the Ministry of Women and Child Development.In Kerala CHILDLINE is functional in 9 cities / districts, of which Trivandrum, Kochi, Thrissur, Calicut, Wayanad are supported by Government of India, and Kannur, Kasaragod, Malappuram and Palghat are supported by Government of Kerala. The Government of Kerala has started supporting CHILDLINE service in Malappuram, Kasaragod, Palghat and Kannur in 2007-08 for which funds have been routed through CHILDLINE India Foundation...read more

 
 
A number of cases of missing children are reported in the State but many of them remain untraced because there are no effective strategies to tackle the problem at the state or national levels.Though some independent efforts have been made by law enforcing agencies and social justice institutions, there is still a lacunae in linking their efforts to track down missing children. Even ascertaining the exact number of missing children is difficult due to the lack of accurate data and effective strategies.

 

A concerted, multi-pronged effort is required to trace all missing children as many of them are reportedly subjected to different kinds of exploitation. The Don Bosco National Forum for Young at Risk initiated a national website and home link network supported by the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) in January 2007 as a pilot project. It is an online service exclusively meant to locate missing children. Anyone who loses his or her child can lodge a complaint with the website.

 

The Thiruvananthapuram Don Bosco Veedu Society, which is a collaborating institution under the Childline programme, has initiated the Missing Child Search (MCS) and Child Protection Home Link Network as a pilot project has been implemented in Kerala at Thiruvananthapuram and Ernakulam in cooperation with the Department of Social Justice...read more

 
 
The objective of this programme is to prevent destitution of children and facilitate their withdrawal from life on the streets.The programme provides for shelter, nutrition, health care, education, recreation facilities to street children and seeks to protect them against abuse and exploitation. The strategy is to develop awareness and provide support to build capacity of the Government, NGOs and the community at large to realize the rights of the child enshrined in the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) and in the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000.

 

The programme component of a project under this scheme can be:

  • City level surveys.
  • Documentation of existing facilities and preparation of city level plan of action.
  • Contact programmes offering counseling, guildance and referral services.
  • Establishment of 24 hours drop-in shelters.
  • Non-formal education programmes.
  • Programmes for reintegration of children with their families and placement of destitute children in foster care homes/hostels and residential schools.
  • Programmes for enrollment in schools.
  • Programme for vocational training.
  • Programmes for occupational placement.
  • Programmes for mobilizing preventive health services
  • Programmes aimed at reducing the incidence of drug and substance abuse, HIV/AIDS etc.
  • Post ICDS/Anganwadi programmes for children beyond six years of age.
  • Programmes for capacity building and for advocacy and awareness building on child rights

 

Benefeciaries:

  • The target group of this programme is children without homes and family ties i.e., street children and children especially vulnerable to abuse and exploitation such as children of sex workers and children of pavement dwellers. Children living in slums and with their parents are excluded from the coverage of this scheme.

 

How to Avail:

  • State Governments, Local Bodies, Educational Institutions and Voluntary Organisations are eligible for financial assistance under this programme. Upto 90% of the cost of the project is provided by the Government of India and remaining has to be borne by the Organisation/Institution concerned. Under the programme, no predefined cost heads are stipulated. Depending upon the type of activity and the nature of service, an appropriate amount not exceeding Rs. 1.5 million per annum can be sanctioned as recurring cost for each project. The grant under the programme is released to selected organizations in two equal half yearly instalments...read more
 
 
The programme will lend support to projects in urban areas, not already being covered by the existing schemes of the Ministry of Labour, which provide support for the wholesome development of child workers and potential child workers especially those who have none or ineffective family support such as children of slum/pavement dwellers/ drug addicts, children living on railway platforms/along railway lines, children working in shops, dhabas, mechanic shops etc., children engaged as domestic workers, children whose parents are in jail, children of migrant labourers/sex workers, leprosy patients etc.

 

The programme will focus on measures such as facilitating introduction to return to the mainstream education system as children at study are not children at work, Counselling to parents, heads od families, relatives of the targeted children so as to prevent their expolitation, and Give vocational training wherever necessary... read more

 
 
It is scientifically proven that paediatric cases of cancer are largely curable, if treated early. Recognising the urgent need to extend financial support to cancer victims from families, who are too poor to afford treatment, the Government of Kerala launched the Cancer Suraksha Scheme on 1 November 2008 for children below the age of 18 who suffer from cancer and belong to such families.

 

According to an estimate of the Regional Cancer Centre, Thiruvananthapuram, there are 800 to 850 new patients in this age group every year. Those eligible are treated free under the scheme, implemented by the Kerala Social Security Mission, in government hospitals designated for the purpose. Counsellors have been posted at these nine hospitals to assess whether applicants are really eligible for the free treatment and to provide other counselling services to patients. The scheme is implemented by the Social Security Mission...read more

 
 
HIV-control strategies in Kerala got a fillip with the Social Justice Directorate's scheme in December 2008 to provide nutrition supplements to women and children living with HIV. Good nutrition is a vital component of HIV control and care strategies because malnourishment can worsen the effect of HIV and speed up the rapid progression of the infection to AIDS. A majority of people living with HIV/AIDS are from economically backward families and their nutrition status is poor. Those infected with HIV have a low immune status, which makes them extremely vulnerable to other infections.

 

Loss of appetite also often results in a severe loss of weight, contributing to their dangerof contracting diseases. This programme drawn up by the Social Justice Department provides nutrition support to such women and children. Initially 2,800 women and children, who are registered in Anti-Retroviral Therapy (ART) clinics and Link ART clinics run by the Kerala State AIDS Control Society (KSACS) are being provided nutritional supplements.

 

An estimated Rs. 49.6 lakh is being spent on the programme, which supplies a food mix in keeping with World Health Organisation (WHO) guidelines. The nutritional mix is supplied by Kudumbasree units, thereby providing a source of income to the women in them. This pilot programme now focuses on women and children and the plan is to later scale it up to include all HIV-positive persons in the State...read more

 
 
There are many persons imprisoned, some for known reasons and others for unknown reasons. Once they are lodged in jail their families that are suffering the most. They get ostracized from the society. Due to the lack of money their children might be denied education at a very early age itself. This might have huge repercussions later it may lead to the birth of new criminals in society. Therefore, the government has initiated such a project that aims at bringing these people to the main stream of the society.

 

Beneficiaries:

  • Children of Prisoners

 

Benefits:

  • 1st Std. to 5th Std- Rs 300 per month
  • 6th Std. to 10th Std.- Rs 500 per month
  • +1 (Plus one) & +2 (Plus two)- Rs 750 per month
  • Degree/Professional Course- Rs 1000 per month (Degree/ Professional course must be in Govt./ Aided Sector)

 

Eligibility Criteria:

  • BPL (Financial aid can be provided to the children even though the relatives who are liable to protect them and falls under APL category, provided both the parents are in jail, For that an enquiry report of District Probation Officer/Women Protection Officer is essential).

 

How to Avail:

  • Applications are collected and submitted by jail Superintendents with recommendation. Financial aid is disbursed through jail Superintendents.Application are accepted by the District Social Justice Offices, through the jail superintendents...read more