Kerala Public Service Commission
|Kerala Public Service Commission||Thulasi Hills, |
Pattom Palace P.O.,
|Call Centre||0471- 2554000|
|Telephone Number||0471- 2447201 |
(out of office hours)
(Enquiry 8 AM to 6 PM)
|For more information, visit||www.keralapsc.org|
The Kerala Public Service Commission is a body created by the Constitution of India. The Commission advise the Government on all matters relating to civil services referred to it under Article 320 (3) of the Constitution and publish notifications inviting applications for selection to various posts as per the requisitions of the appointing authorities, conduct written test and/or practical tests, physical efficiency test and interview, prepare ranked list based on the performance of the candidates and advise candidates for appointment strictly based on their merit and observing the rules of reservation as and when vacancies are reported.
The Head Office of the Kerala Public Service Commission is situated at Pattom, Thiruvananthapuram, the State Capital.
There was a Public Service Commissioner in the erstwhile Travancore state whose duty was to select candidates for direct recruitment to various categories of posts under the Government. G.D. Nokes was appointed as the first Public Service Commissioner on 14th June, 1936. The Office of the Public Service Commissioner, Travancore continued to function till the integration of Travancore and Cochin States.
In Cochin there was a Staff Selection Board constituted in 1936 to select candidates for initial recruitment to lower posts. In 1947 a three member Cochin Public Service Commission was constituted under an Act of the State Legislature.
The Travancore-Cochin State was formed on 1st July, 1949 by the integration of the two Princely States of Travancore and Cochin.With the integration of the States of Travancore and Cochin on 1st July, 1949 a Public Service Commission for the State of Travancore-Cochin was constituted by an Ordinance. There were three members on the Commission including the Chairman. The functions of the Travancore-Cochin Public Service Commission were generally the same as those laid down in the Government of India Act, 1935. Later, when the Constitution of India came into force on the 26th January, 1950, the Travancore-Cochin Public Service Commission continued to function under the Constitutional Provisions.
The State of Kerala was formed on 1st November 1956 consequent on the Reorganisation of States. It comprises the former Travancore-Cochin State (except the present Kanyakumari District and Shencottah Taluk of the present Tamil Nadu) and the Malabar District and the Kasargod Taluk of South Kanara District of the then composite Madras State.
With the formation of the State of Kerala on 1st November 1956 as a result of the reorganisation of States, the Travancore-Cochin Public Service Commission was transformed into the Kerala Public Service Commission. The number of the Members of the Commission was increased to Five in 1959, to Seven in 1971, to Eight in 1981, to Nine in 1982, to Thirteen in 1983, to Fourteen in 1984 , to Fifteen in 1984 and to the present strength of Eighteen in 2005.
Position under the Constitution
The public Service Commission is a body created by the Constitution of India. The provisions relating to the Union Public Service Commission at the Centre and other State public Service Commissions have been laid down in Chapter II of part XIV of the Constitution.
The provisions in the Constitution ensure the competence of the Commission to deal with the matters relating to the services and enable them to discharge their duties in a fair and impartial manner, free from influence from any quarter. The Chairman and Members of the Commission are appointed by the Governor of the State. The composition of the Commission is such that as nearly as one half of the members of it shall be persons who on the date of their appointment have at least 10 years of service under the Government. The Chairman or any other Member of the Commission can hold office for a period of six years or till he or she attains the age of 62 years whichever is earlier. On expiry of the term, the Chairman or any other Member is ineligible for re-appointment under the Central or the State Government. But the Chairman of the Commission may be appointed as the Chairman or Member of the Union Public Service Commission or the Chairman of another Public Service Commission for another term. A Member of the Commission may be appointed as the Chairman of the Commission or as the Member of the Union Public Service Commission for another term. The Chairman or any other Member of the Commission can be removed from office only by the President of India in accordance with the procedure laid down in the Constitution. The conditions of service of the Chairman or a Member once appointed cannot be varied to his disadvantage. The expenses connected with the Public Service Commission are not voted but are charged on the Consolidated Fund of State.
The duties and functions of the Commission have been laid down in Art, 320 of the Constitution and they are:
A) To make recruitment to various posts under
i) The Services of the State
ii) The Kerala State Electricity Board
iii) The Kerala State Road Transport Corporation
iv) The Local Authorities
v) The Co-operative Sector and
vi) Various other companies and Corporation
B) To render advice on all matters relating to
i) The methods of recruitment to Civil Services posts;
ii) The principles to be followed in making appointments to Civil Services and posts and in making promotions and transfers from one service to another and in the suitability of candidates for such appointments, promotions, transfers.
iii) The all disciplinary matters affecting a person serving under the Government in Civil Capacity
iv) On any claim in respect of the cost incurred in defending legal proceedings relating to the acts in the execution of duty, to be paid put of the consolidated fund of the state.
v) On any claim for the award of pension in respect of injuries sustained by a person while serving under the Government, in a Civil Capacity and any question as to the amount of any such award.
Under the proviso to Article 320 (3) of the Constitution of India, the Governor of Kerala has made the Kerala Public Service Commission (Consultation) Regulations, 1957 specifying the matters in which it shall not be necessary for the Commission to be consulted.
The Governor has also made under Article 318 of the Constitution, Regulations to determine the number of Members of the Commission and their conditions of service and to make provisions with respect to the number of members on the staff of the Commission and their conditions of Service. These regulations are called Kerala Public Service Commission (Composition and Conditions of Service of Members and Staff) Regulations, 1957.
Duties & Functions
The duties and functions of the Commission have been laid down in Art. 320 of the constitution and they are:
1. To conduct examinations for appointments to the services of the state;
a. on all matters relating to the methods of recruitment to civil services and for civil posts;
b. on the principles to be followed in making appointments to civil services and posts and in making promotions and transfers from one service to another and on the suitability of candidates for such appointments, promotions or transfers;
c. on all disciplinary matters affecting a person serving under the Government in civil capacity, including memorials or petitions relating to such matters;
d. on any claim by or in respect of a person who is serving or has served under the Government in a civil capacity that any cost incurred by him in defending legal proceedings instituted against him in respect of acts done or purporting to be done in the execution of his duty should be paid out of the Consolidated Fund of the State;
e. on any claim for the award of pension in respect of injuries sustained by a person while serving under the Government in a civil capacity, and any question as to the amount of any such award, and it shall be the duty of the commission to advise on any matter so referred to them and on any other matter which the Governor of the State may refer to them; provided that the Governor of the state is empowered to make Regulations specifying the matter in which either generally, or in any particular class of case or in any particular circumstances, it shall not be necessary for the Public Service Commission to be consulted.
The Head Office of the Kerala Public Service Commission is situated atop the Thulasi Hills at Pattom in Thiuvananthapuram, the capital city of Kerala. Its name resonates frequently with the place-name Pattom. And, the Head Office of the Kerala Public Service Commission has already become the Signature of Pattom.
The Commission has got three Regional Offices at Kollam, Ernakulam and Kozhikode which have been constituted for decentralising State-wide selections. There are District Offices of the Commission in all Revenue Districts to attend to selections relating to posts earmarked for District-wise selections.
The Head of the Office of the Commission is the Secretary who is appointed by the Commission with prior approval of the Governor. The Secretary is assisted by three Additional Secretaries, one of whom is the Controller of Examinations. Below to their ranks, there are 12 Joint Secretaries, 22 Deputy Secretaries and 64 Under Secretaries. The number of Section Officers under the Commission is 196. About 1200 other officers including Personal Assistants, Assistants, Typists, Peons etc. are also assisting the Commission in its functions.
The functioning of the Commission is carried out by Recruitment Wing, Examination Wing, Departmental Test Wing, Advice/Consultation Wing, Secret Section, Research and Analysis Wing, Public Relation Unit, Establishment Wing, Accounts Wing, Records Section, Fair Copy Sections, Tappal Sections and Library.
The Recruitment Wing consists of Government Recruitment, Corporation and Companies Recruitment, Local Authority Recruitment, Co-operative sector Recruitment, Special Recruitment for SC/ST, Inspection of Recruitment and District Recruitment Sections which prepare Notifications inviting applications for District-wise Selection.
All works connected with the Conduct of various Examinations and Tests for Recruitment & Eligibility Test fall under the Examination Wing.
Advice Wing deals with all the consultations in respect of Recruitment Rules and Disciplinary Cases made by the Government under Article 320(3)of the Constitution. Advice Wing also deals with furnishing facts to defend all the Litigation filed against or by the Commission before the Hon 'ble High Court of Kerala and Hon 'ble Supreme Court of India. The Commission have appointed an Advocate as its Legal Retainer to conduct the cases.
The Research and Analysis Wing coordinates, plans and monitors the operations of the whole organization to improve the quality of work, minimise the delay and to streamline and modernise the whole system.
The Public Relations Unit of the Commission functions as an effective link between the organistation and the public. The Enquiry Section under the unit functions as the information centre. Publication of the PSC Bulletin, a fortnightly publication of the Commission is also done by the P.R.Unit.