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About Chemical Examiner's Lab Department
Chemical Examiners Laboratories were established in India to render independent scientific service to Criminal Justice Administrative System. The first Chemical Examiner’s Laboratory in India came into existence in Madras in the Year 1849. Chemical Examiner’s Laboratory in Kerala started functioning in the year 1890 under the orders of Government as part of Health Department. The Chemical Examiners Laboratory was brought under Home Department as an independent department from June,1969 vide GO(MS)188/Home dated 13th June 1969 and continuing as such. It was started as a single Laboratory in Thiruvananthapuram. Later to meet steady increase in the volume of work and to ensure speedy disposal of chemico-legal work, Regional Chemical Examiners Laboratories were established in Kozhikode and Ernakulam in the years 1986 and 1989 respectively.
Chemical Examiners Laboratory Department is headed by Chief Chemical Examiner at Thiruvananthapuram and he is assisted by two Joint Chemical Examiners. Each Regional Chemical Examiner’s Laboratory is headed by Joint Chemical Examiner. The various divisions in the headquarters and regional laboratories are under the charge of Assistant Chemical Examiners. Chief Chemical Examiner, Joint Chemical Examiner and Assistant Chemical Examiner to Govt: are Government Scientific experts u/s 293 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 and their reports are admissible as evidence in the court of law for the prosecution of criminal cases. The laboratories under this departments are functioning as per the Kerala Chemico-Legal Examination Rules-1959 (G.O. Ms.No.624/Home dated, Trivandrum, 18th August 1959) and Section 293 of Cr.P.C
Mission and Vision of the department
Every year, about 45000 articles involved in 20000 cases are subjected to chemical examination and certificates are issued to Judiciary / Medical Officers / Police Officers / Excise Officers etc.
1. A special drive programme is organised every year during festival seasons (Onam and Christmas) to check the adulteration of liquor samples with out delay. All the three offices used to work around the clock in the festival seasons. The results are released within hours of receipts of samples. This is just to prevent the occurrence of liquor tragedy in the State during festival occasions.
2. Freshly recruited Excise Officers / Excise Staff are given training in Laboratories regarding proper sampling of liquor under Abkari Act.
3. Forensic Medicine Post Graduate Students are given training on various aspects of toxicological analysis.
4. The Officers of this Department take classes on 'Forensic toxicology', Chemico Legal Examination Rules, Narcotic substances and Drug abuse for Police Officers and Excise Officers including I.P.S. Probationers at Police Training College, Thiruvananthapuram.
5. Different batches of Final Year M.B.B.S. Students, Nursing Students and Pharmacy Students are given training at these Laboratories.
6. The officers of these Laboratories participates in various exhibitions on drug abuse and psychotropic substance abuse, conducted by various agencies with Government permission. The different types of drugs were exhibited and people were given awareness on impact of drug abuse on society and country.
The Chief Chemical Examiner to Government is the Head of Department and is assisted by two Joint Chemical Examiners on the Technical side, an Administrative Officer and Financial Officer on the administrative side in the Central Chemical Examiner’s Laboratory at Thiruvananthapuram. There are two Regional Laboratories one at Ernakulam and other at Kozhikode. The Regional Chemical Examiner’s Laboratories at Kozhikode and Ernakulam are headed by Joint Chemical Examiners.
Line departments, Institutions and organizations under the department
The Revenue Districts under the jurisdiction of each Laboratory are as shown below:
Regional Chemical Examiner’s Laboratory, Ernakulam
Regional Chemical Examiner’s Laboratory, Kozhikode
Major Functions of the department
The articles referred to for examination in the Laboratory can broadly be classified under the following categories:
1. Articles suspected to be stained with blood in murder cases.
2. Articles suspected to be stained with semen in sexual offence.
3. Viscera, Stomach wash, blood, vomit and other material objects in Human Poisoning cases.
4. Articles involved in animal poisoning cases
5. Illicit arrack, wash, foreign liquor etc. under the Abkari Act.
6. Samples of toddy and foreign liquor collected from licensed shops to check adulteration.
7. Opium, ganja, brown sugar, heroin, cocaine, drugs etc. under the Narcotics Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act, 1985.
8. Samples of blood and urine collected from persons involved in cases of drunkenness.
9. Miscellaneous articles such as:
(a) Explosives, Petrol, Kerosene, Diesel oil, Gold, Foreign liquors, Palm oil etc. (b) Wort and Beer from Breweries under Brewery Rule.
(c) Foreign Liquor, Rectified Spirit, Molasses, Spent wash, denaturants, denatured spirit etc. from distilleries.
(d) Indian made foreign liquors for Bureau of Indian Standard Specification.
In forwarding the material objects to this Laboratory, the judicial Officers, Medical Officers, Excise and Police Officers have to observe the rules contained in the Kerala Chemico-Legal Examination Rules issued in G.O.(MS) No.624.Home dated 18th August, 1959 as amended from time to time.