Local Self Governance
|LOCAL GOVERNMENTS AND DECENTRALISED PLANNING IN KERALA|
|The decentralization initiated by the 73rd and 74th amendment Acts of the Indian Constitution has given greater responsibility and powers to the local bodies for local planning, effective implementation and monitoring of various social and economic development programmes. In Kerala, the process of decentralization launched at the beginning of 9th Five Year Plan as the People’s Plan Campaign was restructured and named as Kerala Development Plan during the Xth Plan and a number of innovative steps were taken to strengthen and institutionalize the decentralization in the State. During XIth Plan, Government revamped the entire process, emphasising the concept of People’s Planning, focusing on institutionalisation of decentralisation. Kerala is a role model for other states in the area of financial and functional devolution.|
XIIth Plan Approach
In order to make the system more efficient and effective the 12th plan approach envisaged some concrete steps to strengthen the institutions as well as the planning process. The plan approach pinpoints the following steps to strengthen the decentralized planning as a whole.
Kerala follows a multi staged planning process. Important stages of this methodology are outlined below.
Special Component Plan and Tribal Sub Plan under Decentralization
Source: Economic Review 2013