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The Department is under the control of the Revenue Minister. In Secretariat, the department is headed by the Principal Secretary (Revenue Secretary) who is assisted by Additional Secretaries/ Joint Secretaries. The Revenue Department is headed by Land Revenue Commissioner who is assisted by Additional Commissioner and Assistant Commissioners. The State of Kerala consist of 14 districts, 21 Revenue Divisions, 63 Taluks and 1532 Villages(or 1634 including group villages). Each district is headed by a District Collector who is assisted by Deputy Collectors among others. Each revenue division is headed by a Revenue Divisional Officer and assisted by Senior Superintendent among others. Each Taluk is headed by a Tahsildar and Additional Tahsildar who is assisted by Deputy Tahsildar among others. Each Village is headed by a Village Officer who is assisted by Special Village Officer, Village Assistant and Village man.
The Director of Survey and Land Records at Thiruvananthapuram is in-charge of Survey operations and updation of land records and is assisted by Additional Director, Joint Directors, Assistant Directors among others. Each district Office is headed by an Assistant Director.more
Land Board, Thiruvananthapuram is headed by Land Revenue Commissioner who is also the State Land Board and assisted by secretary for disposal of land ceiling cases under Kerala Land Reforms Act. This district has Taluk Land boards headed by Revenue Divisional Officers/ Deputy Collectors.
The Institute of Land and Disaster Management, Thiruvananthapuram imparts necessary training to the staff of Revenue Department from all over the State.
DEPARTMENT OVER THE YEARS
The land Revenue Department was in existence even before India became independent in 1947. Revenue Department was in existence in the erstwhile Princely states of Travancore, Cochin, and also the Malabar region which was part of the Madras Provinces. The Revenue administration got special attention during the reign of Marthanda Varma. Marthanda Varma entrusted the work of settlement of lands, both wet and dry to Mallan Sankaran of Palliyadi. Preparation of land records or ozhuku containing survey number, name and extent of property, number of yielding trees, name and address of the assignee etc, is one of the most important works connected with Settlement. There are Vilangipper records which give additional information on Ozhukus. The classification of lands was done under the main heads of Devaswom, Brahmaswom, Danam and Pandaravaka was introduced by Mallan Sankaran. The double crop lands were assesses at twice the pattom for single crop lands. Every landholder was given a patta specifying the tax levied on each item of land. The state establishment had a Valiya Sarvadhikaryakkar (Prime Minister), Neettezhuthu Pillai (Secretary), Melezhuthu Pillai (Head Accountant), Rayasam Pillai (Head Clerk) and several Rayasams and Kanakku Pillais (Clerks and Accountant). During the first revenue settlement each division or district in the state was divided into taluks called Mandapathuvatukkals which was further subdivided into Kelvis or villages. The Mandapathuvathukkal was under a Karyakkar and the kelvi under the parvathikar. The Karyakar and the Parvathikar have evolved into the present day Tahsildar and the village officer respectively. Ayilyam Tirunal (1860-1880) who succeeded Swati Tirunal got the services of Sir.T.Madhava Rao as Diwan till 1872. The beginning of agrarian reforms in Travancore started with the reign of Ayilyam Tirunal. The Pandarapattam proclamation of 1865 enfranchised all Sirkar Pattam lands and made them heritable and transferable. The Janmi Kudiyan Proclamation of 1867 provided for fixity of tenure of the tenant. A comprehensive survey and settlement of the lands was conducted in Visakam Tirunal's (1880-1885) regime. Land reforms got a fillip under the next ruler Sree Mulam Thirunal (1885-1924). The settlement process which begun during the previous regime was completed with the settlement proclamation in 1886. Consequent on the re- organization of states, Kerala State was formed on 1.11.1956 integrating Travancore- Cochin and Malabar areas. Different set of Laws, Rules and procedures were in existence in Travancore, Cochin and Malabar and the administrative set up was also different. Unified Laws, Rules and Regulations were framed after 1.11.1956. The Department of Treasuries and Civil Supplies were part of the Revenue Department in the past. Later on, a separate department of Treasuries was formed in the year 1963 and Department of Food and Civil Supplies formed in the year 1975.
ABOLITION OF BOARD OF REVENUE
The Head of the Department in respect of the Revenue Department was the Board of Revenue and the Revenue hierarchy consisted of Secretary Board of Revenue, District Collectors, Revenue Divisional Officers, Tahsildars, Firka Revenue Inspectors and Village Officers. The Revenue Board was abolished with effect from 1.7.1998 and instead a Commissionerate of Land Revenue was formed. In the place of Member, Board of Revenue, Commissioner, Land Revenue was appointed. The post of secretary, Board of Revenue was re-designated as Additional Commissioner (LR). The posts of the Assistant Secretaries were re-designated as Assistant Commissioners. The post of Firka Revenue Inspectors was abolished and the post of village Officers were upgraded to that of the Head Clerk/ Revenue Inspector and one post of Additional Tahsildar in each Taluk was also newly created.
Line departments, Institutions and organizations under the department
Kerala suffered a series of natural disasters since the Tsunami havoc in 2004. There was an unprecedented draught followed by floods, landslides and tremors. The disasters continue in the form floods from summer rains this year. In the context of global warming and world climate change such disasters are likely to recur causing death and loss of property. This situation compelled Government to focus on disaster mitigation in a time bound and effective manner. So the government constituted the State Disaster Management Authority.
Institute of Land and Disaster Management is an autonomous body constituted under the Revenue Department, Govt. of Kerala to impart professional training, including induction training, in-service training and refresher training to personnel of the Land Revenue and Survey Department of Kerala State.
||To impart professional training, including induction training, in-service training and refresher training to personnel of the Land REvenue and Survey Department of Kerala State|
||To impart and develop managerial and technical skills of the above personnel.|
||To undertake research and study projects relating to the aforesaid departments with a view to improve their functioning and productivity.|
|4||To function as a nodal agency for introducing new techniques of operation, innovations and modern technology.|
Institute of Land and Disaster Management is an autonomous body constituted under the Revenue Department, Govt. of Kerala and registered under the 'Travancore - Cochin Literary, Scientific and Charitable Societies Act, 1955'.
The functions are governed by :
|4||Any other committees appointed by the Governing Body.|
|The management of the society will, in accordance with its Rules, be vested in the Governing Body, consisting of the following members:|
|1||Chairman, Minister for Revenue.|
|2||Vice Chairman, Commissioner Land Revenue|
|i)||Secretary to Government, Revenue Department.|
|ii)||Secretary to Government, Finance Department|
|iii)||Director of Survey and Land Records.|
|vi)||District Collector, Thiruvananthapuram|
|vii)||Secretary to Government, Personnel & Administrative Reforms Department|
|viii)||Secretary to Government, Local Administration Department|
Subject to the general superintendence of and the policies laid down by, the Governing Body, the Executive Committee shall be responsible for the management, administration and control of the affairs of the institute and its income and properties in accordance with these rules.
Composition of the Executive Committee:
||Commissioner, Land Revenue Chairman|
|ii)||Secretary to Govt., Finance Department Member|
|iii)||Director of Survey and Land Records Member|
|v)||District Collector, Thiruvananthapuram Member|
Members at present:
|Hon'ble Minister for Revenue||Chairman , Governing Body|
|Commissioner, Land Revenue
||Vice Chairman, Governing Body & Chairman, Executive Committee|
||Director (in charge)
Secretary & Administrative Officer